DEXA bone densitometry – Measurement of bone mineral density
Bone Osteodensitometry is the most modern Paraclinical method measuring bone mineral density (calcium content) thus being able to establish the diagnosis of osteoporosis, monitoring the evolution of the disease and the treatment effectiveness.
Osteoporosis is characterized by decreased bone mineral density, with consequent decrease in bone strength and increased risk of fracture.
Early diagnosis of DEXA osteodensitometry is very important because there are currently methods to stop the loss of bone mass and consequently to reduce the complications of the disease.
The recommendation of the investigation is done by the family doctor / specialist (orthopedist, internist, rheumatologist, endocrinologist) when the patient shows signs of a bone disease.
Osteodensitometry is recommended for women after menopause, but also for men over the age of 50 years, especially if they are smokers or long-term cortisone treatment.
Performing osteodensitometry involves scanning the body with X-rays, the radiation dose being very low while the precision and sensitivity of the method are maximal. The investigation can be done early, from the detection of the first favorable factors and allows to quantify the bone mineral density in the whole skeleton – “whole – body” investigation or at the segments of maximum fragility (balance, spine, forearm).
Osteodensitometry has the advantage of not requiring pre-training, is non-invasive and painless.